Glossary

Using reference material, this glossary has been designed to provide you with a basic explanation or definition of each of the terms provided.  This glossary will be constantly updated so please contact us, if you would like us to comment of any of the terminology used.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

C

cabin
compartment used as living quarters
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
cable
the chain or rope to which the anchor is secured
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cable layer
a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electricity, etc.
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cable locker
compartment in the bows where the anchor cable is stored
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
caboose
originally the housing for the galley's chimney, now applied to the galley or any confined space
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
cadet training ship
a ship used to train cadets as seaman
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
camber
the amount the highest point of a deck or a curved transverse member is above its ends or the sides of the vessel.
camber keel
a keel which is greater in depth at the bow and stern than amidships
cant frame
a frame in the bow or quarter which is not square to the central longitudinal member
cants
raised wooden edge to the deck area on a narrow boat
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
capital warship
a warship with the heaviest firepower and armour
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
capping
a strip fastened to the top edge of the top stake, washboard or saxboard
capstan
a winch working horizontally to lift anchors
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
carlin
a horizontal member running longitudinally between beams: usually CARLING
carling
a horizontal member running longitudinally between beams
carling knee
a knee connecting a carling and a beam
carvel built
see FLUSH LAID PLANKING
cat head
a strong timber or metal support projecting from the bows to take the tackle
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
caulking
to make the seam watertight, and it also makes the hull more rigid
ceiling
the inner planked lining of a hull over the floors and futtocks, composed of CEILING PLANKS
central longitudinal member
normally the lowest member in the hull, running the length of the vessel
centre plank
a central longitudinal member, the depth of which amidships is equal to or less than the depth of the garboard strake
centre through plate keelson
continuous girder along the centre line, made up of a vertical plate with an angle bar riveted to each side and to the floors
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
centreboard
a board or plate, pivoted on its forward edge hoisted or lowered through a trunk to combat leeway.
centreboard pennant
the rope by which a centreboard is raised
ceremonial craft
a vessel built specifically to transport VIPs during ceremonies
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
chain locker
the space where the anchor cable is stowed
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
chain plate
anchorage for the shrouds at the side of a vessel
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
chain rivetting
rivets placed two abreast in close parallel lines. Also known as DOUBLE RIVETTING
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
channel bar
rolled iron or steel bar having a U shaped cross section
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
channel clearance vessel
a vessel designed to dredge channels to keep them navigable
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
chart house
compartment on or near the bridge for the stowage of navigational instruments
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cheek knee
a bracket holding the stempost and bows together at the waterline
chine
the intersection of the bottom and sides of a vessel
chine strip
an external batten fastened to the outer bottom strake or ends of bottom cross planks and the lowest side strake.
cleat
a piece of wood or metal with two projecting horns around which ropes are secured
clench built
see CLINKER / LAPSTRAKE PLANKING
clew
the lower corner of a square sail or the after lower after corner of a fore-and-aft sail
clew line
a rope attached to the clew of a sail, other than a course, and used to pull the clews up and inwards when furling the sail
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
clinker / lapstrake planking
a hull in which the strakes are arranged so that they partly overlap one another, the upper strake being outboard of the lower. The part of the strake which is overlapped by the strake immediately above is the LAND
clinker plating
method of plating in which the upper plates overlap the lower
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
clipper
a fast sailing ship with fine lines, a sharp bow and usually sqaure rigged
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
clipper bow
a bow where the stem is concave from the stem head to the waterline
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
close ceiling
ceiling in which the ceiling planks are fitted edge-to-edge
cloth
a narrow length of canvas forming part of a sail
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
coaming
a raised ledge fitted around an opening in a deck to prevent or obstruct the entry of water
coastguard craft
a vessel used by the coastguard
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
cockpit
the after well in which the helmsman sits in some sailing vessels
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
coffin plate
the plate joining two side plates over the keel of a vessel at the stern
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
collier
a bulk coal carrying ship
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
collision bulkhead
a bulkhead situation forward or aft to stop the inrush of water if there is a collision to the bow or stern
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
companion hatch
a timber structure over a deck opening giving access to the deck below
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
companion way
stairway or ladder leading from the deck to the accomodation below
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
composite vessel
a vessel with a metal frame and wooden planking
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
continuous framing
framing composed of a number of connected floors, futtocks and top timbers
copper fastened
a vessel whose plank fastenings are of copper rather than iron
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cordage
general term for ropes made from vegetable fibres
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
corvette
a small, manoeuvrable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or Fast Attack Craft
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
counter
a projecting stern or the underside of the overhang of a stern
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
counter stern
a form of stern in which the hull above the waterline extends abaft the sternpost. Termed TRANSOM STERN, ELLIPTICAL STERN or ROUND STERN according to shape in profile
course
the square sail bent to a lower yard, the main sail thus being the main course
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cove line
a decorative narrow concave band around a hull
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
covering board
the outermost deck plank fitted over the heads of the top timber, usually overlapping the top strake and having apertures cut into it to allow the timber heads to project through
cranse iron
an iron band around the bowsprit which takes the stays
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cratch
the structure made up of the deck board, false cratch and horizontal cratch boards, covered in a canvas which makes a free standing structure either at the stem of a narrow boat or in the centre of a tanker boat
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
cratch board
the short horizontal length of boarding used to bridge between the deck board and false cratch to make the triangular frame structure of the cratch on a narrow boat
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
cringle
a loop, often a metal ring, made in the boltrope to which ropes controlling the sail are attached
cross board
a bottom board set across the width of the vessel
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
cross jack
the lowest yard on the mizzen mast or the sail it supports
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cross planking
a flat bottomed hull in which the bottom planks are laid at right angles to the longitudinal centreline of the hull
cross trees
timbers laid across the upper end of a mast supported by the cheeks, a foundation for the top
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cruise boat
Open decked vessel used for sight seeing or pleasure voyages
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
cruiser
large warship equipped with turret mounted guns. Intended for independent action for trade protection, reconaissance and fire support for amphibious operations
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
crutch
a triangular plate fitted horizontally in the stern to connect the ends of the stringers and other longitudinal members. Crutches can also be fitted in the bow
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail and Naval Architecture
customs vessel
any vessel in the service of one of the historical or modern agencies concerned with the prevention of inbound or outbound smuggling: namely the Preventive Service, the Coastguard, or the Customs and Excise
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
cutter
a sailing vessel with one mast, a gaff mainsail and two headsails, jib and staysail
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
cutter dredger
a dredger with a cutter head at the dredge suction inlet, to loosen the earth and transport it to the suction mouth
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
cutwater
the fore part or curved portion of a vessel's stem
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship

landing strake:

the strake between the binding strake and the top strake