Glossary

Using reference material, this glossary has been designed to provide you with a basic explanation or definition of each of the terms provided.  This glossary will be constantly updated so please contact us, if you would like us to comment of any of the terminology used.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

F

factory ship
a vessel with equipment for processing dead marine life whilst still at sea
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
fairlead
a metal fitting having two guards of arms, through which hawsers are led outboard. Sometimes fitted with a central bollard.
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
false cratch
a roughly triangular timber framework fitted across the hold of a narrow boat to support the running planks
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
false keel
an addition to the underside of the keel for strength and/or protection
false stempost / false sternpost
an additional member attached to the stem or stern post to provide strengthening or to cover plank ends on unrabbetted posts or aprons where no true posts are present
fash
a crooked or irregular seam
fender
protective pad or buffer fitted to a vessel to prevent damage to the vessel or mooring
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
ferry
vessel designed for the transport of persons and goods from one place to another an a regular schedule of sailings. Covers both chain ferries and roll on roll off ships
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
fid
(a) iron or wooden pin used to keep the heel of a topmast or bowsprit securely in place (b) a tool for splicing and rigging work
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
fiddle block
a block with two sheaves, mounted one above the other, the upper being the larger
fiddle head
an ornamental scroll on the bows in place of a figurehead
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
fife rail
an iron or teak rail fitted near a mast above the deck carrying belaying pins to which the running rigging is secured
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
figurehead
a carved figure or badge mounted on the bow of a ship
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
fire fighting tug
A tug equipped with water tanks and pumps for fighting fires at sea or on the shore line
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
fire fighting vessel
A vessel equipped with water tanks and pumps for fighting fires at sea or on the shore line
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
fisheries protection craft
A vessel for policing fishing grounds and fishing vessels
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
flam
the convex overhanging topside of a vessel
flare
an increase in the width of the sides of a vessel as it is planked up
flat bottomed
a vessel with little or no deadrise
flat plate keel
shaped horizontal plate, strengthened with angle bars which forms a keel outside the bottom shell plating
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
fleet submarine
large submarine intended to operate with a surface fleet at sea
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
flitch timber
a small piece of timber supplied to ships for the purpose of sawing up inot boat timber
Source: Falconer's New Universal Dictionary of the Marine 1815
floor
a framing member which spans the central longitudinal member
floor chock
a shaped wooden block attached to the bottom of a floor to fill in the area between the garboards, keel and floor
floors
on iron and steel vessels, vertical plates in the vessels bottom extending from bilge to bilge to which the frames are connected. On Composite ships the reverse frames are also riveted to the upper edge of the floor plate
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
flush deck
a continuous deck running from bow to stern without a break
flush plating
system of plating where plates are fitted edge to edge using butt straps inboard
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
flywheel pump
a cranked shaft attached to pistons connected to the bilge pump with two flywheels
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
fo'c's'le
(a) the "castle" in the bow of a medieval ship from which soldiers fought (b) accommodation in the foremost part of the vessel for seamen, stores, etc. Also spelt FORECASTLE
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
foot
the bottom of a sail
foot rope
the rope on which seamen on square-rigged ships stand when working on the yards
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
footling
longitudinal strip of wood or plank in the bottom of a vessel secured to the frames
footwale
The whole inside planks or lining of a ship, used to prevent any part of the ballast or cargo from falling between the floor timbers
Source: Falconer's Dictionary of Marine
fore hold
that part of the hold situated in the fore part of the ship, forward of the main hatchway
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
fore peak
right forward part of a vessel inside the hull, usually a ballast tank, wiht the tank top being formed by the maindeck
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
fore-and-aft
running in a bow-to stern direction
fore-and-aft sail
any sail set longitudinally
forecastle
(a) the "castle" in the bow of a medieval ship from which soldiers fought (b) accommodation in the foremost part of the vessel for seamen, stores, etc. Usually abbreviated to fo'c's'le
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
foremast
the fore-mast on a three-masted vessel
foresail
(a) a triangular sail set on the forestay,(b) a sail set on the foreyard of a square rigged vessel
forestay
a rope located between the mast and the fore end of a vessel supporting the mast
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
frame
an assembly of floor, futtock(s) and/or top timber extending from sheer to sheer. In modern practice they are numbered from stern to bow
framing
the complete set of members which give transverse strength and shape to a vessel
framing timber
any timber used in framing
freeboard
the distance on a vessel's topside between water level and deck
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
freeing port
an aperture cut in the bulwarks to relieve the vessel of sea water on deck
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
frigate
(a) a medium speed anti submarine escort vessel built from World War II, (b)a three masted fully rigged warship armed with 24 to 38 guns on a single gundeck
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
fueler
Generic term for all vessels used to supply warships with any type of fuel
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
full rigged ship
a three, four or five masted vessel square rigged on each mast
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
futtock
a framing member which does not cross the central longitudinal member, nor commence at or near the centreline, nor reach the sheer. If there is more than one futtock, the lowest is termed the SECOND FUTTOCK [sic], the one above the THIRD FUTTOCK, and so on. It is also a shroud
futtock plank
the first ceiling plank, next to the keelson

copper fastened:

a vessel whose plank fastenings are of copper rather than iron