Glossary

Using reference material, this glossary has been designed to provide you with a basic explanation or definition of each of the terms provided.  This glossary will be constantly updated so please contact us, if you would like us to comment of any of the terminology used.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

L

landing craft
Inshore craft used for carrying troops and military equipment used either for beach landings or as a ferry
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
landing craft infantry
small landing craft often armoured, designed to carry infantrymen and their equipment ashore from larger vessels offshore
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
landing craft tank
large inshore craft with a retractable loading ramp in the bow. Used to carry tanks ashore for a beach landing or as a tank ferry
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
landing strake
the strake between the binding strake and the top strake
lanyard
a short length of rope attached to an object to secure it or to allow it to be pulled. Also used to describe the ropes used to tension the shrouds, laced through the deadeyes
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
lateen sail
a narrow triangular sail set below a long yard
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
launch
large ship's boat powered by oars and or an engine
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
lazarette
a small provisioning store, sometimes on deck aft, containing fresh food
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
ledge
piece of timber installed between the beams to provide additional support for the deck
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
leeboard
a board fitted to the side of a vessel to be immersed when this side is lee, to combat leeway
leeboard clam
winch for pulling leeboards up when not in use
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
leech
the side of a square sail or the aftermost side of a fore-and-aft sail
length of planked volume
the horizontal length of a wooden vessel form the upper corner of the top strake at the bow outboard to the upper corner of the top strake at the stern outboard
length overall
measured between the forward and aft extremities of the hull overall excluding any spars or projections
lifeboat
a boat specifically designed for saving lives at sea. Usually carried on larger vessels and used when the vessel is sinking
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
light cruiser
large warship with no armour and a high speed. Used for reconnaisance and raids on enemy merchant shipping
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
light vessel
normally an unpowered vessel, moored in places where the construction of a lighthouse is impractical. A lightship
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
lighter
unpowered flat bottomed vessel, used for carrying cargo from ship to shore or as a working platform
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
limber hole
a hole cut in a floor or bulkhead to allow drainage
liner
a ship belonging to a shipping company which carries passengers on a scheduled route usually applied to steam ships only
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
lining piece
strip of plate used as a filling piece, often inserted between plates and frames to avoid the necessity of joggling
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
lining plank
large plank fixed inside the tip edge of a wooden narrow boat to give stiffness and longitudinal strength and support to the gunwale
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
livestock ship
a vessel designed for the carriage of livestock, usually cattle or sheep
Source: National Monuments Record: Maritime Craft Type Thesaurus
load line
load water line or Plimsoll mark
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
Loadline disc
a depth mark painted on the side of the ship to show when she was loaded properly
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
lodging knee
a knee fitted horizontally
long and short work
asymmetrical floors arranged so that the longer arm occurs on alternate sides
long board
fore and aft plank in the bottom of a wooden vessel
Source: MDA: Waterways Object Name Thesaurus
long waisted
a vessel with an open deck between the poop and forecastle
Source: Country Life Book of Nautical Terms Under Sail
luff
the leading edge of a fore-and-aft sail
lug sail
a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail with the head shorter than the foot and the luff shorter than the leech
lugged plank / strake
a plank or strake with integral blocks, perforated or unperforated, stand on the inboard surface. The standing blocks are called LUGS.
lugger
a two masted vessel with lug sails
Source: Maritime Curators Group: Manual of Curatorship
luting
a soft stopping layed into a seam before assembly

parrel:

a rope, chain or iron collar which attaches the yard to the mast but which allows vertical movement