Mayflower

built 1861 by Stothert & Marten, Bristol

Ensign House flag

45

National Historic Fleet


Service Vessel

Tug


Bristol


Museum: operating

Museum: operating


No

No


24/01/1996

30/07/2013


Web site

www.bristol.gov.uk

Gallery


Propulsion

Engine Steam

Steam compound


1898

Scotch Return Tube


Unknown

1930


Dimensions

To be confirmed

11.93 feet (3.64 metres)


64.95 feet (19.81 metres)

7.00 feet (2.13 metres)


32.00


History

MAYFLOWER was built of iron in 1861 by Stothert & Marten, of Hotwells, Bristol, for Timothy Hadley, a towage contractor to the Gloucester & Berkeley Canal Co. She had a single-cylinder vertical steam engine, and began work towing small sailing vessels, timber rafts and canal and river boats on the canal, working between Gloucester and the old entrance to the canal north of Sharpness, replacing horses in this task.

In 1874, with the building of the Sharpness Docks, the canal company was renamed the Sharpness New Docks & Gloucester & Birmingham Navigation Co., and purchased the MAYFLOWER and other tugs from Hadley. She continued to work on the canal, now working with larger steam ships that could navigate to Gloucester, or with lighters filled by the larger traffic into Sharpness.

In 1899, her vertical single-cylinder steam engine was replaced by a vertical compound condensing engine, and a sheltered steering position was provided to fit her for use on the Bristol Channel. Her funnel was hinged in 1906 to permit passage under bridges on the non-tidal Severn up to Worcester. With this wide versatility, MAYFLOWER frequently served as the training tug in the Company’s fleet. Originally, she had a steering position astern of the engine-room skylight, so that the skipper could operate the engine via long levers as well as steer: this had been replaced by a waist-height steering shelter forward of the funnel.

When her deck was raised in 1922, most of her bulwarks were cut away along each side and replaced by stanchions and chains, enabling her crew to step safely across to laden barges on the Canal. Late in the 1930s, a wooden wheelhouse replaced the steering shelter and some time later, the bulwarks were replaced. By the end of the Second World War, MAYFLOWER had been relegated to the light duties, and spent most of the war period as a tender to the canal dredger, towing the mud hopper barges filled by the dredger to the discharge point.

In 1948, she was passed to the British Waterways Board and retained as a reserve vessel for busy periods. She continued in steam whilst her sister tugs were motorised. In the winter of 1962/63, the canal froze and MAYFLOWER was once again used for ship towage on the canal. This was her swansong, for in 1964, she was laid up and was sold two years later. She lay neglected and, in 1977, sank in Gloucester Docks. She was refloated and was sold in 1981 to Bristol Industrial Museum for restoration to steaming condition, which was completed by 1987. She was the winner of the Steam Heritage Marine Award in 1988 and the Scania Transport Trust Marine Award in 1989.

Since then, MAYFLOWER has been exhibited outside the museum and has also offered trips under steam in Bristol Harbour, carrying up to twelve passengers. In 2006, the Industrial Museum closed but she is currently undergoing maintenance and repair for her steaming for the first time publicly for over four years in May 2011 (her 150th anniversary).

Source: Paul Brown, Historic Ships The Survivors (Amberley, 2010), updated March 2011 & John Robinson, Advisory Committee, March 2009.

Subsequent developments

October 2008 A Sustainability Grant of £2000 for survey of the hull was made from the Strategic Development Fund of National Historic Ships. Source: National Historic Ships.

March 2009 Major maintenance and refit work was started on MAYFLOWER in 2007 as a result of the survey granted above. The work is now due for completion and MAYFLOWER will be returned to operational status before Easter 2011. Source; John Robinson, Advisory Committee, March 2009.

17 June 2013 Today ST MAYFLOWER was pulled out of the water at the Underfall Yard in Bristol. Follow the progress on the M Shed Working Exhibits Group (Facebook page). Source: member of public, June 2013.

Key dates

  1. 1861 Built by Stothert & Marten, Hotwells, Bristol, for Timothy Hadley, a towage contractor to the Gloucester & Berkeley Canal Co.
  2. 1874 Purchased by Sharpness New Docks & Gloucester & Birmingham Navigation Co. and continued to work on the Gloucester & Berkeley Canal.
  3. 1899 Single-cylinder steam engine replaced by a vertical compound condensing engine.
  4. 1906/7 Re-boilered and funnel hinged to permit passage under bridges.
  5. 1922 Entire deck raised by 12 inches.
  6. 1930s Wooden wheelhouse built to replace the steering shelter.
  7. 1948 Passed to the British Waterways Board and retained as a reserve vessel.
  8. 1962/1963 During both winters, vessel once again used for ship towage on the Canal.
  9. 1964 Laid up.
  10. 1966/1967 Sold for scrap by British Waterways and lay neglected.
  11. 1977 Vessel sank in Gloucester Docks.
  12. 1981-1987 Refloated and sold to the Bristol Industrial Museum. Underwent restoration.
  13. 1988 Winner of the Steam Heritage Marine Award.
  14. 1989 Winner of the Scania Transport Trust Marine Award.
  15. 2008 Sustainability grant of £2,000 for survey of hull made by NHS-UK.
  16. 2009 Major re-fit and maintenance work.
  17. 2011 Vessel’s 150th anniversary year.

Bibliography

  1. unknown Steam Tug Mayflower 1861: Technology: sheet 7 (revised 2nd edition) - King, A
  2. 1986 Ships Monthly Steam Tug 'Mayflower'
  3. 1988 Lost Ships of the West Country - Langley, M and Small, E
  4. 1989 Ships Monthly Tugs of the Bristol Channel. Part 1: Bristol to Barry
  5. 1993 International Register of Historic Ships - Brouwer, Norman J
  6. 1994 Steamboat Register: An illustrated Register of surviving steam vessels in the British Isles
If you are the owner of the vessel and would like to provide more details or updated information please contact info@nationalhistoricships.org.uk

parrel:

a rope, chain or iron collar which attaches the yard to the mast but which allows vertical movement