MTB 102

Motor Torpedo Boat built 1937 by Vosper, Portsmouth

Ensign House flag

486

National Historic Fleet


Fighting Vessel

Torpedo Boat


Motor Torpedo Boat

Lowestoft


Private use

Private: operating


No

No


21/06/1996

22/04/2013


Web site

www.mtb102.com

Gallery


Propulsion

Motor

Diesel


None

None


Dimensions

To be confirmed

14.75 feet (4.50 metres)


67.97 feet (20.73 metres)

3.18 feet (0.97 metres)


0.00


History

The Vosper MTBs were originally a private venture, designed by Commander Peter du Cane, CBE. Eventually, over 300 were built, but initially, the Admiralty had to be persuaded of their worth. MTB 102 was the prototype, built in 1937. She had a wooden hull, with double diagonal mahogany planking and was powered by three Italian Isotta Fraschini petrol engines, each of 1000 hp, which gave her an impressive 48 knots and, in addition, for manoeuvring at slow speed, two Vosper V8 auxiliaries. She became the smallest and fastest warship of the Royal Navy. Commander C W S Dreyer DSO, DSC RN was given command of MTB 102 in March 1940.

On 26 May they received their sailing orders to proceed with all speed to Dover. At the time they had no machine gun mounted, so they borrowed a Vickers K O 303 from HMS VERNON and rigged it between torpedo tubes. On 27 May they were ordered to Dunkirk, arriving 28 May, and helping a few hundred soldiers to get away. They were ordered back to Dover with about 30 soldiers and a message for Admiral Ramsay. Next morning at 6am they were called to return to Dunkirk and report to Admiral Wake-Walker on the destroyer KEITH in Dunkirk Roads. They arrived just as KEITH was hit by bombs and began to list. They took off Admiral Wake-Walker and his staff. In the course of the next eight days MTB 102 made a total of eight crossings in her role as the Admiral's flagship. On the last night MTB102 was present at the blocking of Dunkirk Harbour and was the third last vessel to leave.

In 1943, MTB 102 was transferred to the army's 615 Water Transport company, RASC, renamed VIMY and used as a high speed 'staff car' on the Solent. She was chosen to take Churchill and General Eisenhower on a secret outing in the Solent to view the armada of ships for the D-Day landings.

After the war she was sold and converted to private cruising. Her first civilian owner installed less thirsty Perkins diesel engines. Her next owner had plans to convert her to a houseboat, but she was saved by a local scout group from Brundall, Norfolk. Keslo Films wanted an MTB for their film 'The Eagle has Landed' in 1976 and offered to refurbish her for their purpose and then return her to the Scout group.

In 1977, she went to Holland to feature in the Dutch film 'Soldier of Orange'. In 1983 major work was carried out on her decks and hull by Fred Newson of Oulton Broad, and two years later, Perkins of Peterborough generously provided a pair of turbo-charged V8 engines. Two new gearboxes and propellers were fitted.

In August 1995, on the way to VJ Day celebrations, MTB 102 suffered a major seizure of the port engine and was forced to return to Norfolk. Due to the cost of repair, the Trustees of the Norwich Area Scout Council handed her over to the MTB 102 Trust in April 1996 and a new engine was ordered and fitted in June. A second engine was ordered and fitted at Easter 1997. With these she attended events around the East and South coasts. A generous sponsor donated two 10ltr Cummins diesels which were worked on to increase power output and in 2002 MTB 102 was re-engined again with these 600hp units.

In 2005 MTB 102 was commanded by the then CinC Fleet, Admiral Sir Jonathon Band, to take part in the International Fleet Review and was honoured to be part of the fast frigate sail past for HM The Queen. A new boatshed and marina at Newsons Boatyard was officially opened on the 7 December 2006 by Lady Anne Wake-Walker and MTB 102. Lady Anne cut the ribbon and MTB 102 glided into the shed on the cradle to take up residence for the next three months. Whilst on the slip MTB 102 was repaired, modified and had a complete paint job ready for 2007. MTB 102's 70th Anniversary was held in 2007, starting at HMS HORNET (Gosport) with the Coastal Forces Veterans Association and their ceremony to lay up their colours. MTB 102 also visited Deal, Ramsgate, Sandwich and Dover in May 2007 and Brightlingsea in June.

MTB 102 continues to take part in Maritime events and in 2010 led the flotilla of the Dunkirk Little Ships to Dunkirk and finished the year at the Association of Dunkirk Little Ships Annual Vets Cruise on the Thames. She goes into 2011 as the little ship of the Commodore ADLS.

Source: Paul Brown, Historic Ships: The Survivors (Amberley, 2010) and MTB 102 Trust, updated Mar 2011.

Norman J Brouwer, International Register of Historic Ships (Edition 2, 1993, pp164) pub: Anthony Nelson
Dick Sullivan, Old Ships, Boats and Maritime Museums (1978) pub: Coracle Books
A J D North, Royal Naval Coastal Forces (1972) pub: Almark Publications
World Ship Society British Armed Forces Small Craft Historical Society, Survivors Register (1998)
Christian Brann, The Little Ships of Dunkirk: 1940-1990 (1989) pub: Collectors Books Ltd
ADLS News (Spring, 2015) Fleet news
Peter Willis, Classic Boat (May , 2015, pp49-52) The Little Ships Prepare to Revisit Dunkirk pub: Classic Boat
Classic Boat (January, 1998, pp14) MTB 102
Classic Boat (June, 2012, pp16) 1,000 Boat Pageant - Ones to watch for
Nick Hall, WSS Small Craft Group Journal (December Volume 14, 1999, pp82) Chasing 102

Previous names

  1. Vimy

Subsequent Developments

  1. Dec 2011 The MTB102 Trust has recently taken over Newsons Boatbuilders Ltd of Lowestoft and is in the process of reorganising the yeard and its operation. The Trust is linking with the International Boat Building College (IBTC) to form a new organisation called IBTC Heritage which will operate in our boat shed while the Yard and pontoons will operate under the title MTB Marine Ltd. Source: MTB102 Trust, ADLS Newsletter Dec 2011
  2. April 2012 Vessel selected for Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Pageant on 3 June 2012. Source: National Historic Ships UK

Key dates

  1. 1937 Built by Vospers Ltd. of Portsmouth as a prototype torpedo boat
  2. 1938 Following extensive trials and replacement of the original engines, vessel was based at HMS VERNON, Portsmouth
  3. 1939 Hosted the Board of Admiralty for King George VI’s Review of the Home Fleet
  4. 1940 Ordered to Dunkirk to assist with the evacuation and became the Flagship of Admiral Wake-Walker following the sinking of  HMS KEITH
  5. 1951 Allocated to the 11th MTB Flotilla at HMS WASP at Dover
  6. 1942 Took part in the sail past of Coastal Forces with King George VI taking the salute
  7. 1943 Transferred to the Army and re- named RASC Vessel VIMY for target towing duties
  8. 1944 Acted as the inspection vessel used by Winston Churchill and General Eisenhower to view the D-Day invasion fleet
  9. 1945 Returned to the Navy to await disposal.  Was stripped of engines and equipment, but was then purchased by Lt. Cdr. Nigel Parkinson and fitted with two Perkins P6 engines
  10. 1948 Bought by John Van der Ould
  11. 1948-1966 Used by the Van der Ould family and cruised extensively
  12. 1966 Bought by Derek Brown for use as a houseboat
  13. 1973 Bought with a plot of land by Blofield and Brundall Sea Scouts as a floating headquarters
  14. 1976 Refurbished by Kelso Films for use in the film “The Eagle has Landed” and returned to Norfolk to operate as a youth training vessel
  15. 1977 Featured in the Dutch film “Soldier of Orange” but ran aground twice
  16. 1977-1995 Operated as a youth training vessel in the Norfolk Broads and off the East Anglian coast
  17. 1977 Returned to the River Thames to lead the Dunkirk Little Ships section of the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Pageant
  18. 1995 Suffered a seizure of the port engine on the way to a VJ Celebration
  19. 1996 Handed over to the MTB 102 Trust and new engines fitted
  20. 2005 Took part in the International Fleet Review and formed part of the fast frigate sail past for HM The Queen
  21. 2006 Official opening of Newsons Boatyard where MTB 102 was to be repaired and repainted
  22. 2007 Took part in the 70th Anniversary celebrations of the Coastal Forces Veterans Association, as well as visiting Deal, Ramsgate, Sandwich, Dover and Brightlingsea
  23. 2010 Led the commemorative return to Dunkirk and participated in the Association of Dunkirk Little Ships Annual Veterans Cruise on the Thames
  24. 2012 Took part in the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Pageant on the Thames

Bibliography

    The Vosper MTBs were originally a private venture, designed by Commander Peter du Cane, CBE. Eventually, over 300 were built, but initially, the Admiralty had to be persuaded of their worth. MTB 102 was the prototype, built in 1937. She had a wooden hull, with double diagonal mahogany planking and was powered by three Italian Isotta Fraschini petrol engines, each of 1000 hp, which gave her an impressive 48 knots and, in addition, for manoeuvring at slow speed, two Vosper V8 auxiliaries. She became the smallest and fastest warship of the Royal Navy. Commander C W S Dreyer DSO, DSC RN was given command of MTB 102 in March 1940.

    On 26 May they received their sailing orders to proceed with all speed to Dover. At the time they had no machine gun mounted, so they borrowed a Vickers K O 303 from HMS VERNON and rigged it between torpedo tubes. On 27 May they were ordered to Dunkirk, arriving 28 May, and helping a few hundred soldiers to get away. They were ordered back to Dover with about 30 soldiers and a message for Admiral Ramsay. Next morning at 6am they were called to return to Dunkirk and report to Admiral Wake-Walker on the destroyer KEITH in Dunkirk Roads. They arrived just as KEITH was hit by bombs and began to list. They took off Admiral Wake-Walker and his staff. In the course of the next eight days MTB 102 made a total of eight crossings in her role as the Admiral's flagship. On the last night MTB102 was present at the blocking of Dunkirk Harbour and was the third last vessel to leave.

    In 1943, MTB 102 was transferred to the army's 615 Water Transport company, RASC, renamed VIMY and used as a high speed 'staff car' on the Solent. She was chosen to take Churchill and General Eisenhower on a secret outing in the Solent to view the armada of ships for the D-Day landings.

    After the war she was sold and converted to private cruising. Her first civilian owner installed less thirsty Perkins diesel engines. Her next owner had plans to convert her to a houseboat, but she was saved by a local scout group from Brundall, Norfolk. Keslo Films wanted an MTB for their film 'The Eagle has Landed' in 1976 and offered to refurbish her for their purpose and then return her to the Scout group.

    In 1977, she went to Holland to feature in the Dutch film 'Soldier of Orange'. In 1983 major work was carried out on her decks and hull by Fred Newson of Oulton Broad, and two years later, Perkins of Peterborough generously provided a pair of turbo-charged V8 engines. Two new gearboxes and propellers were fitted.

    In August 1995, on the way to VJ Day celebrations, MTB 102 suffered a major seizure of the port engine and was forced to return to Norfolk. Due to the cost of repair, the Trustees of the Norwich Area Scout Council handed her over to the MTB 102 Trust in April 1996 and a new engine was ordered and fitted in June. A second engine was ordered and fitted at Easter 1997. With these she attended events around the East and South coasts. A generous sponsor donated two 10ltr Cummins diesels which were worked on to increase power output and in 2002 MTB 102 was re-engined again with these 600hp units.

    In 2005 MTB 102 was commanded by the then CinC Fleet, Admiral Sir Jonathon Band, to take part in the International Fleet Review and was honoured to be part of the fast frigate sail past for HM The Queen. A new boatshed and marina at Newsons Boatyard was officially opened on the 7 December 2006 by Lady Anne Wake-Walker and MTB 102. Lady Anne cut the ribbon and MTB 102 glided into the shed on the cradle to take up residence for the next three months. Whilst on the slip MTB 102 was repaired, modified and had a complete paint job ready for 2007. MTB 102's 70th Anniversary was held in 2007, starting at HMS HORNET (Gosport) with the Coastal Forces Veterans Association and their ceremony to lay up their colours. MTB 102 also visited Deal, Ramsgate, Sandwich and Dover in May 2007 and Brightlingsea in June.

    MTB 102 continues to take part in Maritime events and in 2010 led the flotilla of the Dunkirk Little Ships to Dunkirk and finished the year at the Association of Dunkirk Little Ships Annual Vets Cruise on the Thames. She goes into 2011 as the little ship of the Commodore ADLS.

    Source: Paul Brown, Historic Ships: The Survivors (Amberley, 2010) and MTB 102 Trust, updated Mar 2011.

    Norman J Brouwer, International Register of Historic Ships (Edition 2, 1993, pp164) pub: Anthony Nelson
    Dick Sullivan, Old Ships, Boats and Maritime Museums (1978) pub: Coracle Books
    A J D North, Royal Naval Coastal Forces (1972) pub: Almark Publications
    World Ship Society British Armed Forces Small Craft Historical Society, Survivors Register (1998)
    Christian Brann, The Little Ships of Dunkirk: 1940-1990 (1989) pub: Collectors Books Ltd
    ADLS News (Spring, 2015) Fleet news
    Peter Willis, Classic Boat (May , 2015, pp49-52) The Little Ships Prepare to Revisit Dunkirk pub: Classic Boat
    Classic Boat (January, 1998, pp14) MTB 102
    Classic Boat (June, 2012, pp16) 1,000 Boat Pageant - Ones to watch for
    Nick Hall, WSS Small Craft Group Journal (December Volume 14, 1999, pp82) Chasing 102

If you are the owner of the vessel and would like to provide more details or updated information please contact info@nationalhistoricships.org.uk

copper fastened:

a vessel whose plank fastenings are of copper rather than iron