Harriet

Smack built 1893 by Singleton, Wyre Dock, Fleetwood

Ensign House flag

638

National Historic Fleet


Fishing Vessel


Smack

Fleetwood


Museum based

Museum: outdoors


No

No


05/09/1996

06/04/2011


Web site

www.lancashire.gov.uk

Gallery


Propulsion

Sail

Unknown


None

None


Dimensions

To be confirmed

16.30 feet (4.97 metres)


63.97 feet (19.51 metres)

To be confirmed


0.00


History

Harriet is the last surviving Fleetwood built and registered fishing smack, a unique example of a type which evolved specifically for work in the difficult waters of the Irish Sea and the North West coast. Fishing smacks were sail driven craft and were the fore runners of the modern deep sea trawlers. Smacks, like Harriet helped to build Fleetwood's huge fishing industry. She was built by the Singleton Bros. for £ 1,200 in 1893. She is a ketch rigged fishing smack, constructed of pitch pine planking on oak frames, 64 feet long with a beam of 21 feet and from keel to deck level, a height of 11 feet 9 inches. Her main mast was 45 feet high and her mizzen 27 feet and her gross tonnage 80 tons. She made her maiden voyage on 22nd. September 1893. At this time Harriet, towed a beam trawl (consisting of a trawl net held open by a heavy wooden beam with weighty iron shoes on each side) and had a full set of sails. These craft were dependent on the wind and tide and had no power save that from a small steam boiler used mainly to operate a capstan which helped to haul the trawl gear. In the 1930’s she was fitted with a semi-diesel auxiliary engine that gave her a top speed of 6 knots. In 1942 when George Fletcher joined the crew, Harriet was still using full sails, paraffin lamps, lead line and compass and he said that she still had an open cockpit and tiller. David Helm owned the Harriet until his death in 1969, although by this time George had come in with him as part owner as well as Skipper and in 1969, George became full owner. During thirty odd years on the Harriet, George made many improvements, adding a wheelhouse, a steering wheel and a winch to replace the capstan. He also added new engines for instance in1943, a 68 horse power Gardner engine was fitted and some of her sails were subsequently removed and the masts shortened. In 1962 she was still sailing regularly from the port to Morecambe Bay, Manx, Scottish and Irish fishing grounds in search mainly of soles and hake, she had been at sea almost continuously since the day she was launched. Harriet survived many storms and groundings in her long career- a tribute to her sturdy construction and the “trunnel” (or tree nail) fixings which allow flexibility in the hull. In 1977, after over 80 years of fishing Harriet made her final voyage, skippered for the last time by George Fletcher to Borwick Rails near Millom. She was taken out of the water to be transformed in to a day centre for handicapped children, run by the Harriet Trust. In 1994, Harriet and another vessel Sulwath were dramatically altered to provide better facilities for the children in a project designed for the B.B.C. television programme, “Challenge Anneka”. However the project’s results proved to be short lived as a year later, the boat was declared unsafe. After discussion with the Harriet Trust, Lancashire County Museums Service made the decision to rescue the historically important Harriet and return her to Fleetwood for conservation and display within the Museum. The Friend’s of Fleetwood Museum and museum staff worked hard to ensure Harriet’s homecoming- the project was fraught with many obstacles and her rescue is a testimony to those involved. However, anyone who witnessed her return to Fleetwood on August 19th, 1998 passing the Lower Lighthouse in fading light on a floating pontoon, to the sound of cheers and car horns, will know what she means to Fleetwood.

Alan Lockett, North Western Sail (1978) pub: Countryside Publications Ltd
Alan Lockett, Northwestern Ships and Seaman pub: Editorial Workshop Ltd
Classic Boat (January, 2000) A new challenge for trawler Harriet
Jane Shotliff, Fleetwood Chronicle (15 April, 1983) New role for grand old girl of the sea

Subsequent Developments

  1. June 2009 HARRIET today is a shadow of her former glory. Some restoration work has been done under controlled supervision alongside conservator, John Kearon (from Liverpool). She has been allowed to dry out slowly and some of her excess ballast has been removed as it was too heavy for the boat out of water. Her rather patchy paintwork appearance is due to samples being taken to check the firmness of the wood underneath. HARRIET is now however, in a stable environment and part of the long term strategy plan is to find funding for more expert conservation advice, to ensure that she gets the best possible treatment. "She has a proud past and deserves a future to match" (George Fletcher). Source: Fleetwood Musuem, 2009. April 2011 HARRIET has now been added to Lancashire Historic Environment Record, PRN34997. Source: National Historic Ships

Key dates

  1. 1893 Vessel built by the Singleton Brothers, Fleetwood, Lancashire
  2. 1930s Fitted with a semi-diesel auxiliary engine
  3. 1943 New engine fitted, sails removed and masts shortened
  4. 1977  Retired after more than 80 years fishing service and was transformed into a day centre for handicapped children
  5. 1994 Dramatically altered to provide better facilities for the children for BBC TV programme ‘Challenge Anneka’
  6. 1995 Boat declared unsafe
  7. 1998 Returned to Fleetwood Museum for restoration
  8. 2009  Opened to the public

Bibliography

  1. unknown Northwestern Ships and Seaman - Lockett, Alan
  2. 1978 North Western Sail - Lockett, Alan
  3. 1983 Fleetwood Chronicle New role for grand old girl of the sea
  4. 2000 Classic Boat A new challenge for trawler Harriet
If you are the owner of the vessel and would like to provide more details or updated information please contact info@nationalhistoricships.org.uk

hawse eye:

tubular metal fitting in the bows of a vessel through which the anchor cable passes