Zetland

built 1802 by Greathead, Henry, South Shields

Ensign House flag

627

National Historic Fleet


Service Vessel

Lifeboat


Redcar


Museum based

Museum: indoors


No

No


23/08/1996

21/04/2015



Gallery


Propulsion

Manpower

None


None

None


Dimensions

To be confirmed

10.00 feet (3.05 metres)


29.97 feet (9.14 metres)

4.00 feet (1.22 metres)


0.00


History

ZETLAND is the world’s oldest existing lifeboat and sole survivor of the 31 lifeboats designed and built by Henry Greathead.

There remains some confusion over who designed the first lifeboat, but Greathead was awarded the ‘prize’ for ORIGINAL in 1790, and then built 30 more, ZETLAND being No 11. The funds to build her (£200) were raised by local fisher-folk with the assistance of Lord Dundas and the Reverend Y Williamson.

ZETLAND was stationed at Redcar on 7 October 1802 and christened in honour of the Lord of the Manor. She saw 78 years of service and saved over 500 lives.

ZETLAND is clinker built of larch planking on oak frames. The forward and aft quarters of the boat are identical in construction, giving a classic ‘double-ender’ structure. A wooden rocker keel is protected by a ferrous metal keel-band fitted from stem to stern. There are six thwarts, supported at their centre by turned wooden stanchions. The bulwarks form the outer sides of built-in ‘water-tight’ compartments that are an intrinsic part of the structure. The extreme hull shape and her clinker construction would require very wide boards if finished in single lengths, so the strakes are formed of varying planks of wood scarped together. The hull is copper nail and rove fastened and has therefore largely not been affected by wood metal reaction.

In 1858, the RNLI took over ZETLAND from the Teesbay Lifeboat and Shipwreck Society. They maintained her until September 1864 when a new boat RNLI CROSSLEY was launched at Redcar. ZETLAND was hauled to the beach and an RNLI joiner was ordered to destroy her. However, the town folk resented this and it was arranged that Redcar could keep the boat as long as she did not compete with CROSSLEY. Sufficient funds (£100) were raised for her repair at South Shields in 1872. A lifeboat rowing race of four boats was held which ZETLAND won.

During the intervening years her humanitarian work continued, culminating in the rescue of the brig LUNA in 1880 when on the 28th and 29th October, a severe gale disturbed Redcar. The RNLI BURTON ON TRENT (which had replaced CROSSLEY in July 1987) and  the Free Gardners EMMA returned to shore after having rescued 12 crew in total from two different vessels when another sign of distress was exhibited. The Brig LUNA had drifted towards Redcar Pier. ZETLAND was made ready but had not launched before the LUNA had crashed through the Pier dividing in two. ZETLAND managed to save all seven of the crew and for this deed the RNLI awarded £100 to the RNLI crew.

Being homeless, a brick shed was built for ZETLAND at the end of Granville Terrace and she was then used for salvage and other odd jobs. Eventually Lord Zetland gave her refuge in a barn at Marske. In 1905, a representative body was formed by local fishermen and the lifeboat committee and over £280 was collected to buy the Free Gardeners lifeboat house (formerly housing EMMA). ZETLAND was moved there and handed over the Redcar Borough Council.

On 20 March 1907, the boathouse was opened for public inspection. ZETLAND was later closed away from public eyes for 17 years during and after the Second World War until the Redcar Ladies Lifeboat Guild opened the Free Gardeners Lifeboat House. From 1957 to 1960, the interior remained the same until the Council finally made some improvements and alterations. In May 1963, ZETLAND undertook a long journey to Edinburgh to be the centerpiece at the International Lifeboat Conference in a specially built cradle. In 1969, Redcar Borough Council ceased to exist and the residents became part of Teesside County Council. The museum was refurbished and opened with paid attendants in 1969. This only lasted 5 years until the Museum was closed. A 'Save ZETLAND' campaign was launched and it was finally agreed that the museum and lifeboat would be transferred to the RNLI.

The RNLI handed back the lease on the Museum on 31st March 2015 and the Museum was taken over by the existing Management Committee and became an Independent Museum

Source; John Kearon, Advisory Committee, March 2009

David Phillipson, All her Glories Past: The Zetland Lifeboat (1994) pub: Smith Settle Ltd
Dick Sullivan, Old Ships, Boats and Maritime Museums (1978) pub: Coracle Books
Vera Robinson, The Zetland Lifeboat
A G Osler, Mariitme Life and Traditions (Volume 5, 2000, pp16-29) Mr Greathead's Lifeboat: The creation of the first shore-to-ship rescue boat

Key dates

  1. 1802 Built by Henry Greathead of  South Shields and served as Redcar lifeboat  saving over 500  lives
  2. 1858 RNLI took over ZETLAND from the Teesbay Lifeboat and Shipwreck Society
  3. 1864 RNLI CROSSLEY was launched at Redcar and ZETLAND was set for destruction but was saved for use at Redcar
  4. 1880 Rescue of the brig LUNA for which ZETLAND’s crew were awarded £100 by the RNLI
  5. 1905 Over £280 was collected to buy the Free Gardeners lifeboat house as a home for ZETLAND
  6. 1907 Boathouse opened for public inspection
  7. 1963 ZETLAND undertook a long journey to Edinburgh to be the centerpiece at the International Lifeboat Conference
  8. 1969 Zetland Lifeboat Museum was refurbished and opened with paid assistants
  9. 1988 Boathouse became a listed building
  10. 2015 The Zetland Lifeboat Museum became an Independent Museum

Bibliography

  1. unknown The Zetland Lifeboat - Robinson, Vera
  2. 1978 Old Ships, Boats and Maritime Museums - Sullivan, Dick
  3. 1994 All her Glories Past: The Zetland Lifeboat - Phillipson, David
  4. 2000 Mariitme Life and Traditions Mr Greathead's Lifeboat: The creation of the first shore-to-ship rescue boat
If you are the owner of the vessel and would like to provide more details or updated information please contact info@nationalhistoricships.org.uk

hawse eye:

tubular metal fitting in the bows of a vessel through which the anchor cable passes