Certificate no 618
Status National Historic Fleet


Function Cargo Vessel
Subfunction Barge
Location Hastings
Vessel type Rye Sailing Barge
Current use Museum based
Available to hire No
Available for excursions No
Info required No


Builder Clark, William Evans, Rye
Built in 1887
Hull material Wood
Rig None
Number of decks 1
Number of masts 0
Propulsion Sail
Primary engine type None
Boiler type None
Boilermaker None


Breadth: Beam
15.41 feet (4.70 m)
4.92 feet (1.50 m)
Length: Overall
56.39 feet (17.20 m)
Tonnage: Gross
Air Draft
To be confirmed


The Rye river barges were small everyday working craft providing a vital link between the port of Rye and the hinterland of the rivers Rother, Tillingham, Brede and Royal Military Canal to Folkstone. In the late 19th century one company, Vidler & Son, became particularly associated with the fleet which worked in the harbour discharging cargos from the larger ships and working the cargoes up the shallower rivers and canal. Principal cargoes were timber, coal, hops, hop poles, manure, sand and ballast. The continuity of the tradition of this type of vessel can be traced back to early 16th century maps of Rye harbour and probably beyond.

In 1935, Leopold Vidler wrote a famous monograph for the Mariner's Mirror which described their method of working and the lives of the bargees.

In April 1990, the remains of three of the barges were brought to the attention of the Project Officer of the Nautical Archaeology Society, Valerie Fenwick, who together with the Hastings Shipwreck Museum formulated and executed a plan to rescue the most complete of the barges PRIMROSE, and move her to a new extension of the Shipwreck Heritage Museum at Hastings.

On Sunday, 3 October 1992, PRIMROSE made her final journey by low loader to the Museum. PRIMROSE was built by William Evans Clark at Winchelsea Road Yard, Rye, probably around 1887 when he first began to advertise boats made by the double diagonal method. In 1902 she is reported to have been owned by J Baldock who ceased to carry coal on the Royal Military Canal at this time.

Between 1904 and 1909 she was pictured at work on the river Tillingham sluice at Rye by Judges Postcards Ltd. During October/November 1928 she is reported to have moved a load of ballast piloted by the Cutting brothers, one of whom was to lose his life soon after in a lifeboat disaster. In 1935 she is said to have been still afloat and ready to work by Leopold Vilder. By 1937, she was owned by J & T Mackley and used for harbour works at Strand Quay. After the Second World War, or by 1944, she was abandoned on the saltings along the Rye river bank towards Rye Harbour together with three other barges, one of which is reputed to be the WATERLILLY whose line drawings appear in the 1935 Vilder monograph.

Since 1992, PRIMROSE has been sitting on her cradle being slowly reshaped as she dries out, but recently, a team of volunteers have begun work to restore her.


J Collard, A Maritime History of Rye (1985)
Deanna Groom, Rye River Barges; Establishing an Achive for the Nautical Museums Trust (1993) pub: unpublished thesis, BSc
Eric McKee, Working Boats of Britain (1983) pub: Conway Maritime Press
Leopold Vidler, Mariner's Mirror (October Volume 40 Edition 40, 1945) The Rye River Barges

Key dates

  • 1887

    Built by W. E. Clark of Rye as a Rye river barge

  • 1902

    Owned by J. Baldock

  • 1937

    Owned by J. & T. Mackley

  • 1944

    Abandoned along Rye riverbank

  • 1992

    Moved to the Shipwreck Heritage Museum, Hastings

  • 2011

    Added to the East Sussex Historic Environment Records

Own this vessel?

If you are the owner of this vessel and would like to provide more details or updated information, please contact info@nationalhistoricships.org.uk