- 1899 - 1919 Islamount
- 1919 - 1921 Clarastella
- 1921 - 1991 Galatea
1. What is the vessel’s ability to demonstrate history in her physical fabric?
Evidence for designs, functions, techniques, processes, styles, customs and habits or uses and associations in relation to events and people. How early, intact or rare these features are may impact on significance.
GLENLEE was one of a group of ten steel sailing vessels built to a standard design. The surviving steel parts of her now dating from the 1896 build are the keel, frames, beams and the riveted plates above the waterline. The beams in the poop are not original; the poop was destroyed by an arsonist in 1991 and the whole poop deck is a replica. The lower plates were replaced with riveted plates by the Spanish Navy in 1981, but some of the original riveted plates were left in place. The ship also retains the two original and very large metal water tanks. The decks under the fo’c’sle and in the forepeak are thought to date from 1896; they are certainly no later than 1922. All other decks were re-laid during the course of conservation work carried out in 1997/8. The deckhouses are replicas from this time, but the masts and yards are welded steel tubes installed by the Spanish Navy circa 1955. They were cut up into manageable lengths and rebuilt, and the whole rig was then recreated during the conservation programme. The anchor capstan and windlass on the ship when it changed hands in 1992 are believed to date at least from 1922 when the vessel was refitted as a sail training ship by the Spanish Navy. The engine and generating rooms have been retained from the Spanish era. The ship was originally engined in 1922 with Italian Ansaldo engines, but was re-engined by the Spanish in the 1950s with British Polars, built in Stockholm in the 1950s. The Trust has retained one diesel generator, a Ruston built in Peterborough in 1922. The Trust possesses an upper topsail that was built for the GLENLEE by the people of Mariehamm around 2000. The ship’s wheel was destroyed in the 1991 fire, but the yoke and worm-screw steering machinery is believed to be original or to date at the latest from 1922.
2. What are the vessel’s associational links for which there is no physical evidence?
Associations with people or places. Off-ship research.
GLENLEE has significant associations with Scotland, being built for the Glasgow shipping firm of Archibald Sterling and Co. Ltd in 1896, and now having the distinction of being one of only five remaining Clyde-built sailing ships afloat in the world and the only one in British waters. She passed to the Islamount Sailing Company Ltd. of Dundee in 1898, then to the Flint Castle Shipping Company Ltd. of Liverpool in 1905. Under both owners she was known as ISLAMOUNT, a name she retained between 1899 until 1919. During the First World War she came under the direction of the British Shipping Controller in London and in November 1914, narrowly avoided contact with the German East Coast Pacific Squadron arriving safely in Talcahuano, Chile after 58 days at sea. She has strong international associations, having circumnavigated the globe four times and survived the storms of Cape Horn on fifteen occasions during her time as ISLAMOUNT. These links were strengthened by being sold first to the cieta Italiana di Navigazione Stella di Italia, Genoa, who changed her name to CLARASTELLA, then to the Royal Spanish Navy who re-named her GALATEA and used her as a training ship. She regained her Scottish connection in 1992 when she was purchased by the Clyde Maritime Trust and re-named GLENLEE. She has been recorded on the National Register of Historic Vessels since 1996 and is part of the National Historic Fleet.
3. How does the vessel’s shape or form combine and contribute to her function?
Overall aesthetic impact of the vessel, her lines, material she was built from and her setting. Does she remain in her working environment?
GLENLEE has graceful lines and is typical of the last epoch of sailing ships which sailed the world as bulk carriers in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Replicas of her two lifeboats, pinnace and gig as originally built in 1896 are presently under construction and, once completed, will help restore her profile nearer to that at launch. Whilst no longer operational, GLENLEE is preserved afloat as a static museum exhibit and can be seen in her original heritage setting of Glasgow where she was built.
Source: NHS-UK team, 02 March 2016.
This statement was developed as part of the Heritage Lottery funded First World War project. http://www.ww1britainssurvivingvessels.org.uk/
The three-masted GLENLEE is typical of the last epoch of sailing ships which sailed the world as bulk carriers in the 19th and early 20th century. Built for Sterling & Co. of Glasgow, she passed to the Islamount Sailing Company Ltd. of Dundee in 1898, then to the Flint Castle Shipping Company Ltd. of Liverpool in 1905.
In 1915 she was under the direction of the Shipping Controller in London, but laid up between 1918 and 1920. She was then bought by the Societa Italiana di Navigazione Stella di Italia, Genoa (who changed her name to CLARASTELLA). In 1922, she was acquired by the Royal Spanish Navy, her name was changed again to GALATEA, and she was used as a cadet sail training ship until 1969. She was bought at auction in 1992 by the Clyde Maritime Trust and is now open to the public in Glasgow.
This vessel is a survivor from the First World War. You can read more about her wartime history by visiting our First World War: Britain's Surviving Vessels website www.ww1britainssurvivingvessels.org.uk.
Mason, C M, Five Thousand Days: The voyage of the Clydebuilt Barque Glenlee under the Red Ensign 1897-1919, Clyde Maritime Trust Limited, 1995
Glenlee Clydebuilt 1896, Clyde Maritime Trust Limited, 1992
Brouwer, Norman J, International Register of Historic Ships, Anthony Nelson, pp150, Edition 2, 1993
Schedule of Drawings and Documents, Clyde Maritime Trust Ltd, 1995
Classic Boat:Trust seeks lifeboats for Glasgow Tall Ship, February 2003
Waters, Colin, Sea Breezes The Glenlee comes home to Scotland, pp291-5, Volume 68, 1994
Castle, Colin, Ships Monthly: Glasgow's Windjammer, pp39-39, January 1993
Allen, Elizabeth, Glenlee, Clyde Maritime Trust, Glasgow, 2010
Allen, Elizabeth, Glenlee: Life at Sea under Sail, Clyde Maritime Trust, Glasgow, 2018
Harrison, Jody, Treasure trove of pictures reveal life at sea on board Glasgow’s sailing ship: The Herald (Glasgow), p5, 23rd May 2018
Built by Anderson Rodger & Co. at Port Glasgow for Sterling & Company
Acquired by The Islamount Shipping Co. Dundee
Acquired by The Flint Castle Shipping Co. Liverpool
Bought by an Italian Shipping Company and renamed CLARASTELLA
Entered the Spanish Navy and renamed GALATEA
Underwent modifications for use as a sail training vessel
Vessel lay derelict in Seville and was bought at auction by the Clyde Maritime Trust
Underwent a full refurbishment and was transferred to lie outside the new Riverside Museum, Glasgow
A sustainability grant of £1000 for remedial work was made from ,the Strategic Development Fund of National Historic Ships UK
The Heritage Lottery Fund awarded £24,900 for a theatre production 'The Tall Ship Tales'
The Heritage Lottery Fund awarded £108,750 for Interpreation
The Heritage Lottery Fund awarded £180,000 to complete restoration work
The Heritage Lottery Fund awarded £1,148,000 for restoration and development
The National Heritage Memorial Fund awarded £50,000 for repatriation
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