1. What is the vessel’s ability to demonstrate history in her physical fabric?
Evidence for designs, functions, techniques, processes, styles, customs and habits or uses and associations in relation to events and people. How early, intact or rare these features are may impact on significance.
FRESHSPRING was designed to carry 236 tons of fresh water for delivery to warships at dockyards and naval anchorages and also had a limited fire-fighting and salvage capability. She is remarkably complete – her hull and superstructure are substantially intact, whilst her steam engines are in outstanding condition due to the care given to them over time. Completed in 1946, the hull and superstructure are entirely of riveted construction incorporating a traditional timber bridge amidships, a straight stem, and counter stern. There have been no changes to her layout and the accommodation is arranged with the deck crew forward and engineers aft and the captain’s cabin below the bridge. Lavatories and shower are in the forepeak and the galley is on the aft deck. With her pre-Second World War configuration, she reflects the type of general cargo vessel that was the work-horse of the British (and indeed other world nations) mercantile fleet from the 1920s to the 1950s. She is a rare survivor of this period, with only one other UK vessel remaining of similar appearance, scale and with its machinery (SS ROBIN), but dating from a much earlier period. FRESHSPRING’s boiler, triple expansion engine and all other steam auxiliary machinery is original and of similar configuration to those on sea going vessels from the turn of the century. Overall, she remains largely original from the time she was built whilst being highly evocative of early 20th century sea going steamships in style and features. Temporary repairs have been carried out to make her safe to tow at sea and berth as a static exhibit.
2. What are the vessel’s associational links for which there is no physical evidence?
Associations with people or places. Off-ship research.
FRESHSPRING was the last coal fired seagoing steam cargo ship built to Lloyds 100A1 standards at Lytham Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Lancashire, with only the HAZELFIELD following her as an oil fired steamer. The yard had a famous and long history of building unusual sea and river craft. She was also the last of the Fresh class to be built and has become the sole survivor of this class. FRESHSPRING has international associations with Malta which was her first naval station and regional links to Scotland where she subsequently worked for the Port Auxiliary Service, operating on the Clyde and West Coast. In later life, she was towed to Bristol, where she was briefly used for the experimental use of alternative fuels to power ships' engines. FRESHSPRING is well documented both individually and as one of her class, with logs, records, drawings and even verbal recordings of those who served on her. FRESHSPRING has been recorded on the National Register of Historic Vessels since 1996.
3. How does the vessel’s shape or form combine and contribute to her function?
Overall aesthetic impact of the vessel, her lines, material she was built from and her setting. Does she remain in her working environment?
FRESHSPRING has a large-volume hull to accommodate the cargo tanks. Her straight stem with whaleback housing heads and showers and full bows contribute to achieving maximum capacity within the overall dimensions of the ship, whilst the counter stern brings an element of elegance to her workaday hull-form. The galley, crew cabins, toilets and wash facilities installed for prolonged operations are simple and basic as was normal on early steam ships. The Captain’s Cabin is below the bridge and slightly more lavishly appointed. Her profile is typical of the once numerous coastal steamers and is now a unique feature not seen on any other ship afloat. Her form reflects absolutely her role as an RN water carrier and the earlier deep sea trawlers of similar design. FRESHSPRING is now based in Bideford, Devon where she is carefully maintained afloat by volunteers, pending planned conservation work to return her to operational condition.
Source: The Steamship Freshspring Society, 08 February 2017
Between 1940 and 1946, fourteen coal fired steam-powered Fresh-class water tankers were built for the Admiralty by Lytham Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Lytham, Lancashire. They were designed to carry 236 tons of fresh water for delivery to warships at dockyards and naval anchorages. They also had a limited fire-fighting and salvage capability. FRESHSPRING was the last of the class to be built, launched 15 August 1946, and completed 10 February 1947. Her boiler and engines were manufactured by builders. She has become the sole survivor of her class. FRESHSPRING was based at Malta in the 1950s and early 1960s, and then returned to the UK to operate on the Clyde and the west coast of Scotland for the Port Auxiliary Service. She was converted from coal to oil fuel in 1961. Surveyed and refitted at Ardrossan in 1969, she was then towed to Gareloch where she remained, presumably ‘mothballed’, until being offered for sale in 1977. FRESHSPRING was sold on 4 July 1979 to a private owner, who towed her to Bristol, where she was briefly used for the experimental use of alternative fuels to power ships' engines. For the last 20 years, she has been laid up at Newnham on Severn, Gloucester, where her condition continues to deteriorate.
Source: Paul Brown, Historic Ships The Survivors (Amberley, 2010), updated Mar 2011.
Brouwer, Norman J, International Register of Historic Ships, pp150, Edition 2, 1993, Anthony Nelson
Steamboat Register: An illustrated Register of surviving steam vessels in the British Isles, May Edition 6, 1994, Steam Boat Association of Great Britain
Small, M, Langley, E, Lost Ships of the West Country, 1998, Stanford Maritime
Snowdon, D, WSS Small Craft Group Journal: Freshspring - Last of her Class, pp245-6, Volume 16, 2000
Snowdon D, WSS Small Craft Group Journal: Fresh class water carriers, pp247-252, Volume 16, 2000
Purchased by Oswald Burgess Bristol.
The ship was transferred to John Richards on Mr Burgess’s death and he has single handedly saved the Freshspring for the future
Steamship Freshspring society set up to preserve and restore the ship
She was sold to the newly formed Steamship Freshspring Society
4 October 2017
£60,100 awarded to the Steamship Freshspring Society from the Heritage Lottery Fund towards the cost of restoration of vessel's timber bridge
14 June 2017
£5,000 awarded to the Steamship Freshspring Society from The Headley Trust for the restoration of the vessel's timber bridge structure, sharing and preserving heritage skills and engaging volunteers in conservation
National Heritage Memorial Fund awarded a grant for £155,000 for repairs to allow to be moved from the River Severn to Bideford
A sustainability grant of £1500 for survey was made from the Strategic Development Fund of National Historic Ships UK
Sustainability Award of £1000 towards the costs of a survey was made from the Strategic Development Fund of National Historic Ships UK
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